The first settlement in the region dates back to the Prehistoric Period, in around 3000 BC . The Hittites ruled the region in the 21st century BC, followed by the Phrygians in the 13th century BC, and thereafter by the Greeks in the archaic, classical and Hellenistic eras. The region was conquered by the Romans in 74 BC. After the fall of the Roman Empire, the city was part of the Byzantine Empire.
In Antiquity and for most of the Middle Ages, the town was known as Pylae or Pylai , in Bithynia, which is Greek for "gates", as it was at the start of one of the main routes leading into Asia for whomever crossed the Sea of Marmara from Europe.
Shortly after, Yalova was incorporated into the territory of the Ottoman Empire. It was part of Sanjak of Kocaeli and was known as successively "Yalakabad" and "Yalıova". It was occupied by Greek troops on 5 September 1920 during Turkish War of Independence. During the occupiation, Massacres in Yalova peninsula occurred. Greek troops, who stationed in Adapazarı, Sapanca, Kandıra, İzmit, Karamürsel and Yalova were begun to move initially Bursa, laterly Eskişehir region after Greek defeat at Second Battle of İnönü for concentrating ones at line of Bursa-Uşak and attacking Turkish ones, which concantrated in Afyonkarahisar, Eskiehir and Kütahya. Turkish troops, who waited beyond Sakarya River, used this opportunity and attacked loosened Greek ones. Adapazarı was liberated on 26 June 1921, İzmit on 28 June 1921 and finally Yalova on 19 July 1921. It was initially county centre in Karamürsel district of Kocaeli Province. It became a district centre in Istanbul Province in 1930 after joining 2 villages from Orhangazi before becoming a province centre in 1995.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk occasionally lived in Yalova in his final years. In one of his speeches he famously said: "Yalova is my city.
PLACES TO SEE IN YALOVA
Darıca, Sudüşen Waterfall, Thermals
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